What is renters insurance?

Renters insurance is a type of insurance that provides financial coverage for damage to your apartment, injuries occurring at your apartment and theft of (or damage to) your possessions.

How does renters insurance work?

Like most forms of insurance, renters insurance offers financial protection in exchange for a monthly payment called a premium. As long as you pay your premium, your renters insurance should cover any financial misfortunes you, your guests or your possessions experience at—or sometimes even outside of—your home.

Should your home, possessions or guest be harmed, your insurer will ask you to file a claim. Then it generally covers the expenses you incur after you’ve shelled out a minimum payment for damages called a deductible. Your policy may have specific per-event, annual or lifetime maximums for coverage, so be sure to read carefully before signing.

What does renters insurance cover?

Renters insurance protects everything from your electronics to your clothing and furniture. That means if they get damaged in a fire or get stolen from your home, your insurance policy will pay out either their current or replacement value, depending on your policy. It may even cover your possessions when they’re damaged or stolen outside of the home, like if your iPhone gets swiped from your bag. In those cases occurring outside of your home, your insurance may only cover a percentage of its normal max.

Renters insurance insures more than just the value of the things you have in your apartment, though. One of the hidden gems of renters insurance is that it grants you personal liability protection.

What is personal liability protection?

Your renters personal liability insurance covers you financially if someone gets injured in your home. These types of injuries can set you back a lot financially because not only do you generally have to pay for medical care but also any lost wages. While personal liability claims only occurred for 0.12 percent of policies between 2013 and 2017, the average payout was almost $20,000, just under twice the average property damage claim.

As with possession coverage, renters insurance liability coverage may also cover you away from the home. So if your dog bites someone at the park, your renters insurance may help pay the cost of any medical bills.

How much renters insurance is the right amount?

To calculate the amount of renters insurance one may need, take a quick survey of the things you own and add up their approximate values.

Big-ticket items include electronics, jewelry and appliances. You’ll want enough coverage to account for at least all of your possessions that would be expensive to replace. Personal liability coverage is separate from coverage for your possessions. Policies generally provide $100,000 of liability coverage, according to the Insurance Information Institute. You may want to add additional coverage if your personal assets exceed $100,000. Most policies will let you add $1,000,000 in umbrella liability coverage for $200 to $350 a year.

How much does renters insurance cost?

The average rental insurance premium was $185 a year, or just over $15 a month, according to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners’s 2018 report. Your individual premium may vary based on your location, the age of your building and the amount of personal and liability insurance you opt for, along with other factors.

In addition, your premium rate is influenced by the deductible amount you choose. As with most types of insurance, the lower deductible you pick, the higher the premium you pay (and vice versa).

Anything else?

Insurers may allow you to purchase coverage for the actual cash value or the replacement value of your things. Actual cash value reflects the current worth of something, accounting for depreciation from age or use. Replacement value is how much it would cost you to buy a new version of what’s been damaged or stolen. If given a choice, select the type of value coverage that works better for you.

Your renters insurance policy probably also includes coverage for additional living expenses (ALE). This comes into effect should your home become uninhabitable and you need to pay for temporary lodging and food elsewhere.